Nepal is an impoverished country whose lack of economic development is directly related to the lack of access to education. Unable to read or write, many Nepalese are unable to advance themselves beyond jobs of menial labor and subsistence agriculture.
Lack of education is a result of many factors. In general, education is neither valued nor accessible in Nepal. Most are skeptical of the usefulness of education, and even those inclined to pursue it find it difficult, if not impossible to do so. The majority of Nepalese live in small rural villages in the countryside where village schools rarely offer classes higher than the sixth grade level. Middle schools and high schools are few and far. Most children who do attend the school drop out before reaching the fifth grade, due to their inability to meet the financial requirements. The financial straits of most Nepalese force education to take a backseat to the more pressing challenges of day-to-day survival . Instead of attending school, children work or beg. Ignorant to the benefits that education would provide, the parents do not seek for their children. Thus, the cycle of poverty continues.
More recently, political instability within Nepal has plunged much of the countryside into chaos, resulting in the closure of many schools. Young people have left their homes to fight, taking with them their families last chance to climb out of poverty. Over half of Nepal’s population is under 18 years of age and with these young people so ill prepared to deal with the problems that plague their country, the future of Nepal looks bleak.
Nepalese girls, seldom sent to school, usually marry and bear children early on.
Instead of attending school, children work.
Survival on the Himalayas
Most of the Nepalese are making their livings by farming or handicrafting at home. However, their production is extremely low, sometimes even not enough to generate income for their survival due to their lack of appropriate equipment, as well as the knowledge for improving their production. They do not have a systematic way to produce, nor any effective management. Therefore, their production remains on a small scale.
Another fundamental setback is that the road systems are not developed in the remote areas. Villagers cannot use vehicles to carry the materials or groceries that are necessary for everyday life on the Himalayas. Instead, conditions require them to carry heavy loads on their back or even on their heads while walking long distances, often in extreme weather, to and from their homes. This daily activity imposes detrimental effect on their backbone or neck starting from early childhood. Consequently many of them are suffering backbone or neck distortion or leg pain, that often appears later in life. These symptoms are always left untreated due to either lack of access to any health care unit or lack of financial assistance for their treatments.
Many of the Nepalese live with the most basic of necessities. Most homes in Nepal are constructed from local natural resources, such as stone, mud, and wood. A number of Nepalese accommodations are built on a steep slope, with most roofs simply being made of hay. Not to say a wall to shield the winds in the chilly nights. Besides, some kitchens are dark, unventilated and smoky. Without clean water supply, they often suffer from infectious diseases.
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